After the revelations concerning extensive government espionage, Tim Berners-Lee, one of the founders of the World Wide Web recently warned against that Internet being “censored and under surveillance” would become a threat to the democracy.
“Internet and social networks encourage more people to organize themselves, to act and highlight the misdeeds around the world. This threatens some governments and increases monitoring and censorship that becomes in turn a threat to the future of democracy, “said the Briton, aged 58, who launched Internet on Christmas Day 1990.
“Bold measures are now essential to ensure the protection of our fundamental rights to privacy and freedom of opinion online,” he also commented on the sidelines of the launch of the “Web Index” which measures the growth, utility and impact of the Internet on individuals and nations. The study resulted in a ranking of countries that set Sweden first before Norway.
Despite recent criticism concerning privacy violations, after Edward Snowden’ revelations, Great Britain and the United States came third and fourth respectively in the rankings, due to some criteria such as ” relevant content availability” or “political impact “.
However, the Index ranks US two places down, due to a poor score in terms of online privacy, insufficiently protected from the effects of a comprehensive electronic monitoring. Among emerging nations, Mexico ranks first before Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica and South Africa. The Philippines is the first country listed among the developing countries.
China, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan are among the worst offenders for censoring politically-sensitive web content and having inadequate safeguards against government surveillance, the report said.
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